The Kingsclear Palaeoindian Spear Point

Awarded in 2007
The Kingsclear Palaeoindian Spear Point

A significant part of Fredericton’s history is the 12,000 year presence in our area of the Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet) people. Their original migrations came at a time when climatic fluctuations were extreme and resources scarce. The Wolastoqiyik followed the big game herds across the tundra as the glaciers retreated. The Kingsclear Palaeoindian Spear Point is a symbol of this original migration into the area. It is made from a rock variety of the early Holocene period found in a quarry in Central Maine and was traded and exchanged over a distance of several hundred kilometres. Angus Watson of nearby New Maryland donated the spear point to Fredericton’s York-Sunbury Museum in the early 1960s. Three Wolastoqiyik communities exist in the Fredericton area, which is unique for a Canadian capital city.